G.U.R. - Golfers Under Repair
Upper Body Golf Injury Rehabilitation
Golf Injuries - Cause, Effect & Management
By Sandy Jamieson, PGA Professional and Ramsay McMaster, Physiotherapist
The Melbourne Golf Injury Clinic has assessed and treated over 5000 golfers and this article outlines a template that doctors can use in their own practice to identify the cause, effect and management of golf injuries or patients who are unable to participate in the sport of golf as a result of predisposing injuries
When analyzing different golf groups, from club players to amateurs to club professionals and tour players, it is clear that each sub-group is more susceptible to specific injuries.
This short article is to increase awareness in the sports medicine professionals and physiotherapists about the causes of golf injuries as a result of: -
It is widely known that many medical professionals participate in the sport of golf. Therefore, from our experience we shall discuss the common golf injuries incurred, and their cause, effect and management. Outlined are two doctors who attended the clinic, one with a lumbar spine disorder, and the other with tennis elbow. We have taken them through a golf specific musculo-skeletal and video screening.
45 year old female doctor – 17 Handicapper (right handed)
Subjective and Objective Summary:
Swing Faults / Misconceptions:
There is a close association between Tennis Elbow and a belief that the left arm should be locked straight during the backswing and downswing. Causing shortening and tightening of the muscles in the left arm placing extra stress and strain on tendons in the elbow especially at impact. Incorrect grip size has a direct effect on grip tension and in this case her grip tension was far too tight causing even more shortening of the muscles in her forearms. Grip tension should not be so tight that it wears furrows in the rubber where a golfer's thumbs and fingers are placed.
Driving range mats and very hard ground allow for very little give at impact and tend to refer the shock of the strike up into the golfers hands and arms and in a case such as this only flares intensifies the tennis elbow.
Common Points of Reference in regard to weakness in the Kinetic Chain:
Common Physical Management:
Common Technical Management – Coaches Advice:
An understanding that the left arm should be naturally extended not tense. Having a greater focus on the right arm in the swing to control the width of swing arc.
The fitting of correct sized grips and a focus on having grip pressure that enables a hold on the club without digging into the rubber.
Reducing the number of full shots hit in practice and if balls are going to be hit at the range to do so of the rubber tees provided thus avoiding the impact with the ground.
References and further reading:
For further information on this subject contact
Introduction | Objectives | Benefits | Upper Body Golf Injury Rehabilitation
Spinal Golf Injury Rehabilitation | Coaching Meets Rehabilitation
Golf Preparartion & Training | Posture and Body Types
Golf Rehabilitation and Asian Clinic
© International Physiotherapy Systems